The Old Testament G-D of the Gentiles

10 January 2017 Written by  Rabbi Eric Tokajer
Thirty years ago as a brand new believer in Yeshua (Jesus), I was shocked to hear some of the things that I heard come from Pastors during sermons. I cannot count the many times I heard the expression “God of the Old Testament” vs. “God of the New Testament,” as if they were two different Gods. The Old Testament God was a mean, spiteful ogre who delighted in destruction and punishment. The New Testament God was filled with Grace, Mercy, Forgiveness and Love. This comparison was almost never complete until the Pastor further went on to say the Old Testament God was the “God of the Jews,” while the New Testament God is the “God of the Church (Gentiles).”

As a Jewish believer, these words caused me to cringe inside and lit a desire within me to stand up and shout, “What about Numbers 23:19? ‘God is not a man who lies, or a son of man who changes his mind! Does He speak and then not do it, or promise and not fulfill it?’ Or James 1:17? “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.’ Or how about Hebrews 6:17-18? ‘In the same way God, determining to point out more clearly to the heirs of the promise the unchanging nature of His purpose, guaranteed it with an oath. So by two unchangeable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled for refuge might have strong encouragement to take hold of the hope set before us.’”

For a believer, the unchanging nature of God is the reason we can have complete confidence in the Bible and the God of the Bible. If God can change at whim, then we cannot have any confidence in Him or His Word. After all, if two thirds of the way through the Bible God can totally reject His nature and His People, turning from tyrannical to benevolent, from hate-filled to loving, and from punishing to forgiving, then what surety do we have that He won’t change His mind again?

One of the main causes that leads Christians to accept the completely false premise of the “God of Old –vs- God of New” scenario is the completely false understanding brought about by the “God of Jews (Old Testament) –vs- God of Church/Gentiles (News Testament) doctrine.

A simple reading of the Bible would let us know that God has always been concerned with and also always existed as the God of the Jew and the Gentile. In effort to keep this a blog and not a book, let’s just look at one proof that is often overlooked. This proof is that three of the “Old Testament” prophets were sent by God to bring a message not to Israel, but to a Gentile nation..

The first and most well-known is Jonah who was sent (against Jonah’s will) to preach repentance to the people of Nineveh. Nineveh was an ancient Assyrian City in what is modern-day northern Iraq and was the capital of the Assyrian Empire. Why would the Old Testament God of the Jews send a prophet to preach repentance to Gentiles?  

Prophet number two is Obadiah, who prophesied to Edom, and who, while related to Israel physically through Esau, was not part of the nation of Israel, the Jewish people. Obadiah’s prophetic book is short, but it is clear that it was spoken to a Gentile nation concerning their actions toward and against Israel. Once again, why would the Old Testament God of the Jews send a prophet to a Gentile nation?

The third prophet is Nahum, who also prophesied to Nineveh some time after Jonah and before the complete fall of Nineveh. Nahum’s message to this Gentile nation that was included in Nahum 1:3, “Adonai is slow to anger and great in power, but He will by no means acquit the guilty. Adonai’s way is with a whirlwind or with a storm wind, Clouds are the dust of His feet.” And Nahum 1:7, “Adonai is good as a refuge in the day of distress, and He knows those who take refuge in Him,” sharing with the Gentile Nation the truth about both God’s judgment and His Mercy and Grace.

When we take into consideration just these three prophets who were directed to share a message of grace and forgiveness to Gentile nations previous to the coming of Yeshua, the only conclusion available is that God did not change two thirds of the way through the Bible, but that He is the same yesterday, today and forever. It is also impossible to conclude anything short of God’s love for all mankind, both Jews and Gentiles from Genesis through Revelation.

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